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Pediatric dentistry
All parents want to see their children smiling, healthy and happy. However, the tooth-related problem, the toothache, may become an obstacle to the child’s good mood. Healing teethThis is why paying adequate attention to children’s oral hygiene and teeth problems since their early childhood is so much important. Toothache in children is a rather common condition. The primary teeth-related problems are often closely associated with a disease which affected the mother during the first quarter of pregnancy resulting in pathological changes in the primary tooth embryo. Very often the multiple lesions of primary teeth are referred to the abuse of portions of cookies and chocolate. To prevent lesions occurring to the teeth of little sweet junkies, the portion of sweets in the diet should be reduced to minimum. Lots of debris remain in the oral cavity after each meal, which, influenced by saliva and bacterial flora, generate organic acids, which in their turn lead to destructive changes in tooth enamel and formation of caries. High importance is given to the primary teeth hygiene. Dentists advise to start maintaining oral hygiene shortly after the eruption of the first primary tooth. Typically, mothers stick to the first primary teeth hygiene, and they are recommended to be very careful in choosing the child’s first tooth brush. The child’s first tooth hygiene is to be carried out by a silicone brush specially designed for children, which will not harm the child’s delicate gums and the lowly mineralized tooth. The time recommended for tooth brushing is initially 15-20 seconds, which should be gradually increased later on. The baby’s gums may be also massaged with a silicone brush which will foster the process of eruption of the remaining primary teeth. Two years old children are already able to maintain the oral hygiene by themselves. Brushing teeth both in the evening and in the morning is very important. Attention should be also paid to the right choice of tooth-paste. bpict_3Many well-known companies produce tooth-pastes specially designed for children and proposed for different age groups. They taste and smell good, which makes tooth brushing an enjoyable activity for children. In addition tocaries lesions of tooth tissue and toothache, there is another source of discomfort for children, namely, stomatitis. Stomatitis is an infectious-inflammatory disease of the mucosa of the oral cavity. The external environment starts affecting the mucosa in the oral cavity since birth. Microbes, bacteria can damage the mucosa, which results in appearance of ulcers, and the mucosa gets inflamed. Though stomatitis can occur in adults, this disease of mucous membrane is more common in infants and children of preschool age. The reason for this is that the mucosa in this age is more delicate and thinner.
The most common causes for the occurrence of stomatitis are:
  1. Group fungi.
  2. Viral disease.
  3. Micro-traumas and presence of cross-bite.
  4. Chronic diseases and poor immune system.
  5. Improper oral hygiene or absence of hygiene.
  6. Dirty hands
Despite the fact that children can be affected by different types of stomatitis, there are common symptoms which appear in the initial phase of each type:
  1. Food refusal associated with mucosal pain.
  2. Poor sleep.
  3. High fever.
  4. Hipermemba of oral cavity mucosa, presence of ulcers.
There are several basic principles in treating stomatitis:
  1. FAnesthesia of the oral cavity mucosa.
  2. Treatment of mucosa with medicaments and antiseptic solutions.
  3. Use of medicaments accelerating mucosa recovery.
  4. Use of immune enhancing medicaments.
It should be noted that for ensuring the efficiency of the treatment it is essential to eliminate the cause of the disease, therefore an appointment with a doctor is very essential. Talking about how to keep the mouth healthy can take fairly long; however, all the advice that could be given in the case is based on two important requirements:
  1. Teeth must be brushed.
  2. Regular dental visits are important.